The purpose of this paper is to examine whether the Trojan War is a historical or a literary event. For this rea-son we analyse the main testimonies in the Late Bronze Age, which are the Hittite inscriptions, because the Linear B tablets in the Mycenaean centres do not include historical information, but mainly record storage ma-terial with the exception of the Pylos tablets. The fall of the Mycenaean centres in the 12th century BC excludes the case of a Mycenaean war expedition against Troy, while a potential Mycenaean attack on Troy in the 13th century would have been vigourously countered by the Hittites, who protected Troy, according to the Treaty of Alaksandu.
Therefore, it remains to examine the Trojan War as a literary event, appearing from the 9th century BC on-wards. The Epic Cycle is analysed, where the Iliad and the Odyssey are contained, which were originally composed orally (oral composition) and were later written. An important role is played by the dactylic hexam-eter and the Aeolic and Ionic elements of the epic are explored, the role of Athens in the time of Peisistratus in the creation of the entire epic and the role of the Alexandrian grammarians in the analysis and the commen-tary of the text.
Various theories and arguments (historical, literary, astronomical, epigraphic etc), have been proposed re-garding the reality of myth of this polemic enterprise event (de Jong 2005; Finley et al., 1964; Korfmann, 2004; Papamarinopoulos et al., 2012, 2014).
The archaeological, the philological, the linguistic and the historical sciences try to answer reliably the ques-tion if the Trojan War has happened or not. Two sources are the most credible from the 12th century BC, when Trojan War supposedly happened, the Hittite inscriptions (Sommer, 1932; Laroche, 1971; Haas, 2006; Müller and Gernot, 2002-2013; Sachermeyr, 1954) and the Linear B tablets (Ventris and Chadwick, 1956; Chadwick, 1976; Ruipérez-Melena, 1996; Konstantinopoulos, 2013). The former enlighten the relationships between the Trojans, the Hittites and the Mycenaeans, while the latter unfortunately contain mainly accounting infor-mation and secondly social, religious and administrative information. Very important help is provided by the second excavating activity, which has been conducted by the professor Manfred Korfmann (University of Tü-bingen), the results of which are annually published in the scientific magazine STUDIA TROICA (Korfmann, 1993). The results of these excavations were the discovery of a lower city (Figure 1), with additional walls and moat. From a religious point of view, bronze small statues of an Eastern deity, as well as stone columns were found, which prove an Eastern influence. In the point of view of many religionists and professor Korfmann, these are a typical symbol of the god Appaliuna, who was obviously identical with the god Apollo.
The name of Troy in the Hittite inscriptions is Wilussa or Truwissa (Latacz, 20022; Garstang and Gurney, 1959; Bryce, 2002; Bryce, 2007) and its location was in the Northwest side of Asia Minor. This place, which is near Thrace and Phrygia, leads some scholars to the thought that the Trojan people belonged to the Thracophrygian nation and therefore their language was the Thracophrygian (Wooduizen, 2017). According to other scholars (Bryce, 2007), the Trojan people were the Luwians (Macqueen, 1986), a point of view that ori-ents us to think that the Trojans were speaking the Luwian dialect, which is an Indo-European dialect and was lingua franca in the Hittite empire.....
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